Automation,Production Systems And CIM
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Basically, there is little or no discussion on what the next generationmanufacturing systems will focus on, which is surprising in view of the VisionaryManufacturing Challenges for 2020 (CVMC, 1998) document produced in theUSA, which did point out clear indicators (some of which have, since then,acquired considerable momentum). Topics which should be covered in ahigher-education/post-doctoral role include distributed control systems,modeling of systems, complex systems thinking, reference architectures,ontologies and their role, etc. Unfortunately, these are not covered, andsymptomatically, the topic computer-aided manufacturing itself is now consideredoutdated by most universities.
This book provides the most advanced, comprehensive, and balanced coverage on the market of the technical and engineering aspects of automated production systems. It covers all the major cutting-edge technologies of production automation and material handling, and how these technologies are used to construct modern manufacturing systems. Manufacturing Operations; Industrial Control Systems; Sensors, Actuators, and Other Control System Components; Numerical Control; Industrial Robotics; Discrete Control Using Programmable Logic Controllers and Personal Computers; Material Transport Systems; Storage Systems; Automatic Data Capture; Single Station Manufacturing Cells; Group Technology and Cellular Manufacturing; Flexible Manufacturing Systems; Manual Assembly Lines; Transfer Lines and Similar Automated Manufacturing Systems; Automated Assembly Systems; Statistical Process Control; Inspection Principles and Practices; Inspection Technologies; Product Design and CAD/CAM in the Production System; Process Planning and Concurrent Engineering; Production Planning and Control Systems; and Lean Production and Agile Manufacturing. For anyone interested in Automation, Production Systems, and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing.
His teaching and research areas include manufacturing processes, metal cutting theory, automation and robotics, production systems, material handling, facilities planning, and work systems. He has received a number of teaching awards, including the Albert Holzman Outstanding Educator Award from the Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE). His publications include over 75 technical articles and papers which have appeared in Industrial Engineering, IIE Transactions, NAMRC Proceedings, ASME Transactions, IEEE Spectrum, International Journal of Production Systems, Encyclopaedia Britannica, SME Technical Papers, and others. Professor Groover's avocation is writing textbooks on topics in manufacturing and automation. His previous books are used throughout the world and have been translated into French, German, Korean, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Japanese, and Chinese. His book Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing received the 1996 IIE Joint Publishers Award and the 1996 M. Eugene Merchant Manufacturing Textbook Award from the Society of Manufacturing Engineers.
Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) refers to the use of computer-controlled machineries and automation systems in manufacturing products. CIM combines various technologies like computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) to provide an error-free manufacturing process that reduces manual labor and automates repetitive tasks. The CIM approach increases the speed of the manufacturing process and uses real-time sensors and closed-loop control processes to automate the manufacturing process. It is widely used in the automotive, aviation, space and ship-building industries.
The Computer Integrated Manufacturing Open System Architecture (CIMOSA) was proposed in 1990 by the AMCIE consortium to provide an open systems architecture that specifies both enterprise modeling and enterprise integration required by CIM environments.
Modeling helps with the design and operation of AMS systems. AMS performance is measured by lead time, work in progress, throughput, machine utilization, capacity, flexibility, performance, and quality. To learn more about this topic, see Performance Modeling of Automated Manufacturing Systems, by N. Viswanadham and Y. Narahari.
A computer-integrated manufacturing system is not the same as a \"lights-out factory\", which would run completely independent of human intervention, although it is a big step in that direction. Part of the system involves flexible manufacturing, where the factory can be quickly modified to produce different products, or where the volume of products can be changed quickly with the aid of computers. Some or all of the following subsystems may be found in a CIM operation:
CIMOSA (Computer Integrated Manufacturing Open System Architecture), is a 1990s European proposal for an open systems architecture for CIM developed by the AMICE Consortium as a series of ESPRIT projects. The goal of CIMOSA was \"to help companies to manage change and integrate their facilities and operations to face world wide competition. It provides a consistent architectural framework for both enterprise modeling and enterprise integration as required in CIM environments\".
This exploration of the technical and engineering aspects of automated production systems provides the most advanced, comprehensive, and balanced coverage of the subject of any text on the market. It covers all the major cutting-edge technologies of production automation and material handling, and how these technologies are used to construct modern manufacturing systems.
To pursue excellence and national prominence in the areas of manufacturing, operations research, information technology and related fields of industrial and systems engineering through innovative teaching, distinguished research and scholarship, and active professional leadership. Building on its unique strength and national reputation in undergraduate education and industrial research, the department strives for leadership in educational innovation, multidisciplinary research, and industrial partnership. Our ultimate mission is to produce leaders who have learned to think critically and analytically, have the skills and techniques to comprehend and create new knowledge, and are willing to serve and inspire others.
The industrial and systems engineering department is located in the Harold S. Mohler Laboratory at 200 West Packer Avenue at the northwest corner of the Lehigh University Asa Packer campus. The Mohler Lab building contains the classrooms, laboratories, and faculty offices of the department. Labs in the Mohler Laboratory building include:
Enterprise Systems Center Laboratories. The ESC Laboratories contain a variety of computer systems and software in support of agility in Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) and in engineering logistics and distribution problem solving, including: Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Engineering (CAE), discrete event simulation, linear and nonlinear optimization, Finite Element Analysis (FEA), facilities design, process design, process control, and analytics software, such as the SAS software suite.
Manufacturing Technology Laboratory (MTL). The MTL contains equipment for instruction and research in manufacturing processes, numerical control (NC), NC part programming, material handling and storage, industrial control systems, and metrology.
Automation and Robotics Laboratory. This lab is located in the MTL, it contains a variety of industrial robots and other automated systems to provide students with hands-on experience in the planning and use of this kind of equipment.
ISE graduates are sought by nearly all industrial corporations as well as government agencies and other service institutions. Major employers of our graduates include management consulting firms, manufacturing companies, banks, hospitals, railroads, the postal service, and transportation/logistics services. A typical career path of an industrial and systems engineer is to start in an entry level engineering position or as a technical analyst and to progress through various management positions in the firm or institution. Significant numbers of industrial and systems engineers ultimately become chief executive officers, chief operating officers, and chief technology officers in their respective organizations.
The discipline of industrial & systems engineering is applicable in nearly all industries, whether the industry involves manufacturing of a product or delivery of a service. Job functions performed by ISEs include: systems analysis, cost estimation, capital equipment selection, engineering economy, facilities planning, production planning and scheduling, inventory control, quality control, project management, operations management, engineering management, as well as methods analysis and work measurement. Manufacturing systems engineering (MSE) is a specialty field associated with industrial and systems engineering that emphasizes functions and technologies such as process planning, plant layout design, manufacturing resource planning, production management, production line design, automation, robotics, flexible manufacturing systems, and computer integrated manufacturing.
The Industrial & Systems Engineering program can also produce graduates who understand the complex facets of modern information systems, and the integration of these systems in industrial, service and financial organizations. The ISE student has an opportunity to focus on three important areas that are key to a successful information systems-oriented career. (1) Information Economics, (2) Quantitative Systems Analysis, and (3) Information Technology. These areas are coupled with general engineering and business background courses. Information economics studies the formulation, structure, and operational dynamics of information-centric systems in the context of industrial organizations, service sector economics, and financial institutions. Quantitative systems analysis studies operations research and computational tools for analyzing complex systems and their information components. Information technology and applications studies computer and communication technologies needed to design and implement information system applications. Topic areas include the applications of information technology in manufacturing and business environments, including electronic commerce, supply chain and enterprise information systems, manufacturing information systems, and financial enterprises. 59ce067264